acquittal


acquittal
/akwital/
Contracts.
A release, absolution, or discharge from an obligation, liability, or engagement.
Criminal law.
The legal and formal certification of the innocence of a person who has been charged with crime; a deliverance or setting free a person from a charge of guilt; finding of not guilty.
Also, one legally acquitted by a judgment rendered otherwise than in pursuance of a verdict, as where he is discharged by a magistrate because of the insufficiency of the evidence, or the indictment is dismissed by the court or a nol. pros. entered. Or, it may occur even though the question of guilt or innocence has never been submitted to a jury, as where a defendant, having been held under an indictment or information, is discharged because not brought to trial within the time provided by statute.
Acquittals in fact are those which take place when the jury, upon trial, finds a verdict of not guilty.
Acquittals in law are those which take place by mere operation of law; as where a man has been charged merely as an accessory, and the principal has been acquitted.
Feudal law.
The obligation on the part of a mesne lord to protect his tenant from any claims, entries or molestations by lords paramount arising out of the services due to them by the mesne lord

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • acquittal — ac·quit·tal /ə kwit əl/ n 1: release or discharge from debt or other liability 2: a setting free or deliverance from the charge of an offense by verdict of a jury, judgment of a court, or other legal process see also implied acquittal; judgment… …   Law dictionary

  • Acquittal — Ac*quit tal, n. 1. The act of acquitting; discharge from debt or obligation; acquittance. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court. Bouvier. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • acquittal — (n.) early 15c., payment of debt or retribution; see ACQUIT (Cf. acquit) + AL (Cf. al) (2). Sense of a release from debt or obligation is from mid 15c.; that of freeing from charge or offense (by legal process) is from 1530s …   Etymology dictionary

  • acquittal — [n] declaration removing blame absolution, acquitting, amnesty, clearance, deliverance, discharge, discharging, dismissal, dismissing, exculpation, exemption, exoneration, freeing, letting off, liberation, pardon, release, releasing, relief from …   New thesaurus

  • acquittal — [ə kwit′ l] n. [ME aquital < Anglo Fr aquitaille: see ACQUIT] 1. an acquitting; discharge (of duty, obligation, etc.) 2. Law a setting free or being set free by judgment of the court …   English World dictionary

  • Acquittal — Not Guilty redirects here. For the song, see Not Guilty (song). Criminal procedure …   Wikipedia

  • acquittal — noun VERB + ACQUITTAL ▪ return (BrE), vote for (AmE) ▪ The jury returned an acquittal after only 22 minutes. ▪ She claimed she had been intimidated into voting for acquittal. ▪ direct (BrE) …   Collocations dictionary

  • Acquittal — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Acquittal >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 acquittal acquittal acquitment Sgm: N 1 clearance clearance exculpation Sgm: N 1 acquittance acquittance clearance exoneration Sgm: N 1 discharge discharge …   English dictionary for students

  • acquittal — /euh kwit l/, n. 1. the act of acquitting; discharge. 2. the state of being acquitted; release. 3. the discharge or settlement of a debt, obligation, etc. 4. Law. judicial deliverance from a criminal charge on a verdict or finding of not guilty.… …   Universalium

  • acquittal — n. (legal) to bring in an acquittal (the jury brought in an acquittal) * * * [ə kwɪtl] (legal) to bring in an acquittal (the jury brought in an acquittal) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • acquittal — [[t]əkwɪ̱t(ə)l[/t]] acquittals N VAR Acquittal is a formal declaration in a court of law that someone who has been accused of a crime is innocent. ...the acquittal of six police officers charged with the beating of an alleged drug dealer... The… …   English dictionary


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